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Cheyenne County was established in 1889 with 1,782 square miles and, according to the 2010 census, an approximate population of 1836 people.  This county is named after the town which became the county seat, Cheyenne Wells (established in 1870 and incorporated in 1890).  The county was created from portions of Elbert and Bent Counties.  The town's name was originally applied to a stage station, five miles north of the present site.  That location was named for the Cheyenne Indians of the Great Plains, and for several wells that were dug there.  "Cheyenne" is not the name used by the Cheyenne tribe for themselves; it is said to be a Sioux name, Shairena, meaning "people of alien speech." The Cheyenne tribe now has reservations in Montana and Oklahoma.  (William Bright, Colorado Place Names, 3rd Edition, Johnson Books, 2004, pg 36)
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